Nigeria, which is 6th in the ranking of global oil producing states, has got joined some other major producing countries to embrace a worldwide strategy that targets to reduce methane emissions.
Multinational oil and gas companies, major producing states and over two dozen cities, yesterday, joined forces to slash methane emissions in a partnership that can have an immediate impact in reducing global warming as part of the United Nations (UN) secretary-general, Ban Ki-moon’s strategy to tackle climate change.
“I am so glad to see concrete initiatives that will help reduce the release of short-lived climate pollutants into the atmosphere,” Ki-Moon said of the Oil and Gas Methane Partnership launched on the same day that he hosted the largest-ever summit of world leaders on climate change at the UN Headquarters in New York.
“These announcements show how governments, corporations and civil society can work together to reduce emissions.”
Short-lived climate pollutants, including methane, black carbon (soot), and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), are responsible for a substantial portion of the increase in global temperatures and efforts to reduce them can have immediate impact in slowing the rise in global temperatures expected over the next 35 years by as much as 0.6°C while benefiting people’s health and the production of food. LEADERSHIP learnt that Nigeria reportedly flared about 13 billion cubic metres of gas as the end of 2013.
According to a recent World Bank Group report, Nigeria loses about 2,000 megawatts (mws) of electricity for lack of gas supply while a huge volume of gas is flared daily. In the report titled “Global Gas Flaring Reduction, Proposed New Initiative,” the group said Nigeria has about 150 million people with only 6,500mws power generation capacity of which nearly 2,000mw stands idle for lack of gas and adequate infrastructure. It is also disclosed that Nigeria’s 150 million people has capacity for 6,500mws of power generation of which nearly 2,000mws stands idle for lack of gas and inadequate infrastructure. Only half the population has electricity network access and it’s unreliable, according to the report.
Experts say that as a coping mechanism, 4,000mws is generated by household-sized diesel generators while flaring 13 billion cubic metres of gas as at the end of 2013; enough to feed 6,500mws of power. Significant action is needed, especially by the oil and gas sector which is responsible for more than 20 per cent of the world’s methane emissions, second only to the agriculture sector.
Industry partners in yesterday’s endorsement include ENI of Italy; Petróleos Mexicanos or Pemex; Southwestern Energy, the U.S. gas company; Norway’s Statoil Group; BG Group, the former British Gas, and Thailand’s oil and gas company, PTT. Governments which have signed on include those from major oil and gas producing countries such as Mexico, Nigeria, Norway, Russia and the United States.
One of the planks in the strategy seeks to reduce pollutants from municipal solid waste and over 25 cities are committed to carry out quantifiable plans of action to cut them by 2020.
The network is anticipated to expand to 50 cities by next year with the goal of 150 cities by 2020, and eventually to include 1,000 cities.
Solid waste landfills are the third-largest human-caused source of methane, making up about 11 per cent of estimated global methane emissions.
The transportation sector contributes roughly 22 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions and about 19 per cent of emissions of black carbon (soot), a powerful pollutant with significant adverse health impacts, and the plan seeks to slash these emissions with green freight programmes in key countries and regions, particularly in developing economies where freight growth is projected to expand rapidly.
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