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Top 10 facts that define Nigeria
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic comprising thirty-six states and one Federal Capital Territory. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea, a part of the Atlantic Ocean, in the south. The capital city is Abuja. The three largest and most influential ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba.
The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea, a part of the Atlantic Ocean, in the south. The capital city is Abuja. The three largest and most influential ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba.
1. What is the capital of Nigeria?
What is the capital of Nigeria?
The capital of Nigeria is Abuja. Built in the 1980s, Abuja is one of the most well planned cities in the country. It became the capital of Nigeria on December 12, 1991, replacing Lagos. The city is home to major attractions in the country such as the Nigerian National Mosque and the Nigerian National Christian Center.
2. What is the largest city in Nigeria?
Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria covering an area of 385.9 square miles. It is the third-most populous city in Africa with an estimated population of 7,937,932. As of now, it is the second-fastest growing city in Africa. It was once the capital of the country, and is the economic and financial capital of the country at present.
3. What countries border Nigeria?
Nigeria is bordered by the Republic of Benin on the west, Chad and Cameroon on the east, and by Niger in the north. On the south it borders the Gulf of Guinea
4. How big is Nigeria?
Nigeria is a country covering a total area of 356,667 square miles. As of 2011, the country has an estimated population of 167 million; it is the seventh-most populous country in the world.
5. What are the main ethnic groups in Nigeria?
Nigeria is a country of rich ethnic diversity composed of over 250 ethnic groups. The three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. The other major tribes in the country include Edo, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Ebira Nupe and Tiv. Also there are minority groups of British, American, East Indian, Chinese, white Zimbabwean,Japanese, Greek, Syrian and Lebanese immigrants in Nigeria.
6. What are the administrative divisions of Nigeria?
Nigeria is a country comprising thirty-six states and one Federal Capital Territory. The states are further divided into 774 Local Government Areas (LGAs).
8.What currency is used in Nigeria?
The Naira denoted by the ISO 4217 code NGN) is the official currency of Nigeria. It is subdivided into 100 kobo.
9. What is the official language of Nigeria?
English is the official language of Nigeria and is extensively used for education, business transactions and for official purposes. Despite being the first language, English is not spoken at all in some rural areas. Because the majority of the population of the country stays in rural areas, indigenous languages such as the Yoruba and Igbo are spoken by the majority. A derived language called the Nigerian Pidgin English, also called the ‘Pidgin' or Broken English is also a popular lingua-franca in the country.
10. When is the national day of Nigeria celebrated?
The national day in Nigeria is celebrated on October 1 every year. The day is celebrated to commemorate the independence of Nigeria from the United Kingdom on this day in 1960. The country was declared a Republic on October 1, 1963.
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Here are the top 10 things to seed and do in Nigeria.
1. Appreciate the Ibadan Art Deco
Ibadan is worth place to visit for its amasing architecture. You can find colonial buildings, art deco treasures and buildings embellished with traditional Nigerian symbols. The city itself is a 3rd largest, after Lagos and Kano has a huge university and lively student nightlife.
2. Delight in the Beauty of Emir's Palace
Explore the walled ancient town of Kano, previously the biggest of the ancient cities of Hausa, and experience its lingering medieval ambiance. Founded more than 1,000 years ago, it was of specific importance to the trans-Saharan trade territory. Pay a visit to Emir's Palace, that remains an excellent illustration of Hausa architecture, and crop up by the marvelous Gidan Makama Museum. However, security is a must in Kano nowadays, so take the most recent travel advice.
3. Visit Gashaka Game Reserve
Nigeria's most picturesque national park, called the Gashaka Game Reserve close to Yola offers opportunities to see more than 500 bird species. And also home to several endangered species, such as the unusual Adamawa mountain reedbuck, the park attributes big African elephant and giant eland.
4. Relax in Calabar
Calabar is a nice town at a beautiful setting, at the top of a hill across the Calabar River. It features a Mediterranean experience, featuring its whitewashed houses, clean streets and somewhat cool climate. Do not miss the large cast iron hand statues inside the park outside of the slave museum which represent breaking free of the past.
5. Explore the Dazzling, Busy Benin City
Contemporary Benin City is a fast developing metropolis, but it reminds of its ancient Yoruba history. The ancient city's moat as well as wall thrive in places, and also the National Museum properties represent an unique collection of Benin royal artwork. The Oba's Palace will be worth visiting, even though permission must be acquired in Lagos.
6. Hike Shere Hills for Wonderful Views
The Shere Hills feature several of the West Africa’s best hiking place. Tie your hiking footwear and walk up towards the peaks of approximately 1,800m (5,900ft). Not every route are marked, so take a tour guide with you just in case you lose your way. The scenery is spectacular.
7. Go to Jos and Have a Picnics
Jos is a favourite holiday destination due to its location 3,900ft above sea level, which means it features a nicely cool climate. The encompassing Assob Falls which several streams and dams came from, makes an exceptionally pretty area.
8. Climb the 7 Olumirin Falls
Local legend tells that the 7 Olumirin Falls come down from a big pot of water towards the top of the cliff. Certainly, these falls near to Akure are apparently bestowed with all sorts of enchanting powers. Additionally, they represent an achievement of strength, for fit travelers and careful enough to climb up to the top, which the views are spectacular.
9. Visit the Ancient Monoliths in Cross River National Park
Discover the Cross River National Park in the town of Ikom, that has interesting carved monoliths set in circles, thought to be historic monuments constructed in respect to ancestors. While in the Rainforest Conservation area, you will find majestic mountains as well as rolling hills, along with wildlife such as leopards, chimpanzees, buffalos, gorillas, baboons and elephants.
10. Discover Nigeria's Historical Past at the National Museum in Lagos
The National Museum located at Onikan on Lagos Island holds various exhibits of Nigeria's historical civilisations and possesses a craft centre, that offers examples of Nigerian art at fixed costs. There is a great collection of Nigerian art within the exhibition halls. However, cameras are not allowed inside the museum.
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